A designation used by British Intelligence during World War II for highly classified intelligence, usually decrypted messages originally enciphered using the German Enigma machine
Understanding a new experience by relating it to past experiences.
When your physical surroundings no longer match your mental map.
The threshold of psychological or physiological perception.
Having an origin external to an organism.
The point on a wave where upwards velocity is at its maximum.
A military strategy based on the wanton destroy of any and all infrastructure in order to render it useless to an enemy.
An algorithm for accurately and repeatedly encoding and decoding data or language. From the Arabic 'sifr,' meaning zero. It's hypothesized the word came to be used in this fashion as the concept of zero was cryptic and far fetched in medieval Europe.
The capability of a word, sign or symbol to have multiple potential meanings.
The branch of philosophy that deals with the nature of truth.
A new behavior that has significant consequences because it exposes an organism to new environments or interactions.
The historical study of how mental processes have determined human actions.
An atmospheric region where two prevailing weather flows collide.
The difference between what we believe to be true and what we believe to be right.
From Greek. The transformation of one's nature.
PRINCIPLE OF SUFFICIENT REASON
The doctrine that there is an adequate explanation for the presence and attributes of everything that exists.
A sound that is heard, though the original source is unseen.
In mathematics, the statement that an object exists, even if the means of finding the object are unknown.
A consistent stream of data designed to contain a message by being modulated against the message data over the course of a transmission.
A neuron that responds similarly when an animal acts or watches another animal performing the same action.
“Blank slate” in Latin. The mind in its originally clear state before being affected by impressions or experiences.
An unusual combination of occurrences that cause a critical situation.
CALL AND RESPONSE
In music, a set of two tonal phrases in a piece of music. The second phrase is a musical response to the first.
From Greek, meaning “many goals,” when solving a complicated problem involves a number of concurrent objectives.
A meaningful coincidence of events without a causal relationship.
When a group of people directs their thoughts or actions towards the same object or goal.
The theory that our observations of the external world are our interpretations, rather than direct perceptions.
When the partial knowledge of a individuals in a group results in a collective and complete awareness.
A spontaneous system of coordination between organisms, where residual traces left by one lead to the ensuing action of another.
The theory that systems in nature should be seen as interacting wholes that are greater than the sum of their individual parts.
From Latin, the “World Soul,” the idea that all living beings in our world are connected by a common spirit.